While it is true that the majority of the German army was eventually wrecked on the Eastern front by the Russians, it's also true that a good part of the reason that the Russians were able to hang on was American military equipment and goods shipped to them through the northern sea routes.
It gets complicated because had the United States not gotten involved At all, it's very possible that Britain would have folded and made whatever deal it could with Hitler. It's not widely known that Britain seriously considered throwing in the towel immediately after Dunkirk. They had virtually no equipment for their army and they didn't have the industrial-strength to reequip their army while continuing to build up the Royal Air Force and maintain the Royal Navy. The Royal Air Force had the bare minimum that they felt they needed to survive the Battle of Britain (they had squandered the rest of it in France) and although the Royal Navy was dominant, there was no way Britain could seriously threaten Germany with the Royal Navy alone.
What kept Britain going was the hope that eventually America would join them, help rearm them and then turn the tide on the Western Front. It was to a very large degree this hope that kept Britain in the war and if the United States had made clear that there was no way they were going to get involved, I'm not sure if that Britain would've seen any point in continuing.
And if England folded, that would mean that Germany could throw its entire army against Russia without having to militarily occupy Norway and France and the Low Countries. There is then no way that America could have supplied Russia without using Britain as a staging area and the Royal Navy for convoy protection. And without any American arms against the entire German onslaught, I'm not so sure that Russia could have withstood the Germans either.
However, a flow of equipment and the mere threat of American involvement (without actually getting involved) might have kept Britain in the war and thereby reduced the strength of Barbarossa (the German invasion of Russia) by forcing the Germans to withhold a significant part of their forces to guard their Western front (as subsequently happened). But if the US really had not gotten involved militarily I don't see how Britain could have launched an invasion of France on its own. They could still have defeated the Afrika Corps and controlled North Africa but I don't think they could've forced their way back onto the Continent and ease the strain on Russia.
If I had to guess, without American involvement I think there would've ultimately been some sort of treaty between Britain and Germany but Russia would've probably been screwed. Especially when you consider that without having to worry about American involvement, the Japanese may well have invaded eastern Russia and caused the whole country to collapse. Luca
Some people think parts of the Southwest US is currently "occupied" by the US.tLIB wrote:Even more importantly: How long can a country occupy another country? Nothing lasts forever.
Kind of like America did, only their two armies were a lot closer together than ours were.Notorious wrote:Germany had already fugged themselves over by opening a war on 2 fronts...
The German nuclear program was a dead-end and they gave up on it, or at least made it such a low priority that it wouldn't be a factor. It was run by Werrner Heisenberg, who was a legendary theoretical physicist but apparently (deliberately, some say) guided the program down the wrong theoretical approaches and it failed.tLIB wrote:I think the Germans were working on a nuke. If they were and the war lasted longer???? I don't know. Another question is - if we never got involved in WWI, would there have been a WWII? Would the Germans still be slugging it out in France etc? Even more importantly: How long can a country occupy another country? Nothing lasts forever.
Because the Germans were counting on a quick war they gave up on the program just as they abandoned other concepts prematurely, such as jet fighters and a few others they thought would take too long to develop. I don't think the Germans getting a nuclear weapon was ever in the cards during World War II. Luca